May also be called: Testis Torsion
Testicular torsion is when the spermatic cord, which provides blood flow to the testicle, rotates and gets twisted. The twisting cuts off the testicle's blood supply and causes sudden pain and swelling. Some people have nausea and vomiting.
More to Know
Testicular torsion is often related to a genetic condition called bell clapper deformity. In this condition, testicles can twist more easily because they're not attached normally to the scrotum.
Testicular torsion happens most often in teenage boys. To fix it, surgeons make a small cut in the scrotum, untwist the spermatic cord, and stitch both testicles to the scrotum to prevent future twisting.
Keep in Mind
Testicular torsion is a medical emergency that must be treated right away. Boys need to know that genital pain is serious and shouldn't be ignored. Ignoring pain for too long or hoping it goes away can lead to severe damage to the testicle and even its removal.
All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
© 1995-2021 KidsHealth® All rights reserved. Images provided by iStock, Getty Images, Corbis, Veer, Science Photo Library, Science Source Images, Shutterstock, and Clipart.com