First Aid

    Most childhood head injuries are minor and hurt only the outside of the head. Rarely, a serious head injury can cause bruising or bleeding in the brain. This type of head injury needs medical care right away.

    Signs and Symptoms

    Of a mild head injury:

    Of a possibly serious head injury:

    • loss of consciousness (passing out)
    • unable to respond
    • obvious serious wound
    • blood or clear fluid from the nose or ear
    • changes in behavior, such as agitation, confusion, or being very sleepy
    • trouble remembering what happened
    • dizziness or stumbling
    • seizure
    • vomiting more than twice or vomiting hours after the injury
    • severe or worsening headache

    What to Do

    • Call 911 for any serious head injury. Do not move an unconscious child. If a child is not breathing, do CPR, if you know how, while you wait for help.
    • Call the doctor right away if an infant has a head injury or a child of any age has neck pain or won't stop crying after a head injury.
    • Let the child to sleep if they're tired.

    Think Prevention!

    • Childproof your house.
    • Don't use infant walkers.
    • Make sure kids wear protective gear for contact sports, biking, skating, and skateboarding.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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