What Is Allergy/Immunology?

    Allergy (AL-ur-jee) and immunology (im-yuh-NAHL-uh-jee) is the medical specialty that diagnoses and treats allergies, immune system problems, and asthma.

    What Is an Allergist?

    An allergist (AL-ur-jist)/immunologist (im-yuh-NAHL-uh-jist) is a doctor who diagnoses and treats asthma, allergies, or immune system conditions.

    Why Would Someone Need One?

    Allergy/immunology doctors diagnose and treat problems such as:

    They do medical tests and procedures such as:

    • checking to see how well the immune system is working
    • skin testing and blood testing for allergies
    • intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG-antibodies given through an IV)
    • chest X-rays
    • blood tests
    • spirometry

    What Is Their Training?

    Allergist/immunologist training usually includes:

    • 4 years of pre-medical education at a college or university
    • 4 years of medical school — a medical degree (MD) or doctor of osteopathic medicine (DO) degree
    • 3–4 years of training in a pediatric, internal medicine, or med-peds (combined pediatric and internal medicine) residency program
    • 2 years in an allergy-immunology fellowship program. A “fellow” is a doctor who had more specialty training after completing medical school and a residency.

    Good to Know

    Allergists/immunologists often work closely with:

Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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