What Is Neonatology?

    Neonatology (nee-uh-nay-TOL-uh-jee) is the medical specialty that treats newborns who are premature (born early) or have medical problems.

    What Is a Neonatologist?

    A neonatologist (nee-uh-nay-TOL-uh-jist) is a doctor who cares for newborns who were born early or have medical problems.

    Why Would Someone Need One?

    Neonatologists treat newborns with many conditions, including:

    They do medical tests and procedures such as:

    What Is Their Training?

    Neonatologist training typically includes:

    • 4 years of pre-medical education at a college or university
    • 4 years of medical school — a medical degree (MD) or doctor of osteopathic medicine (DO) degree
    • 3 years of training in a pediatric residency program
    • 3 years of fellowship training in neonatal medicine. A “fellow” is a doctor who had more specialty training after completing medical school and a residency.

    Good to Know

    Neonatologists work closely with respiratory therapists, physical therapists, social workers, Child Life specialists, and pharmacists to care for newborns.

Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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