What Is Neurology?

    Neurology (nur-OL-uh-jee) is the medical specialty that takes care of diseases and problems of the brain and nervous system.

    What Is a Neurologist?

    A neurologist (nur-OL-uh-jist) is a doctor who studies, diagnoses, and treats diseases and conditions that affect the brain and nervous system.

    Why Would Someone Need One?

    Neurologists diagnose and treat problems such as:

    They do medical tests and procedures such as:

    What Is Their Training?

    A neurologist's training typically includes:

    • 4 years of pre-medical education at a college or university
    • 4 years of medical school — a medical degree (MD) or doctor of osteopathic medicine (DO) degree
    • 4 years of neurology residency

    They also might do a fellowship in a subspecialty area (for example, pediatric neurology). A “fellow” is a doctor who had more specialty training after completing medical school and residency training.

    Good to Know

    Neurology and neurosurgery are closely related:

    • Neurologists focus on neurological conditions that can be treated with medicines or therapies.
    • Neurosurgeons do surgery when needed to treat the conditions.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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