What Is Jumper's Knee?

    Jumper's knee is an injury of the patellar tendon. The patellar tendon is the cord-like tissue that joins the patella (kneecap) to the tibia (shinbone).

    What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Jumper's Knee?

    Common symptoms of jumper's knee include:

    • pain below the kneecap, especially during sports, climbing stairs, and bending the knee
    • a swollen knee joint
    • knee stiffness

    What Causes Jumper's Knee?

    Jumper's knee is an overuse injury (when repeated movements injure a part of the body). It happens when frequent jumping, running, and changing direction damages the patellar tendon. It's also called patellar tendonitis.

    Jumper's Knee 2

    Who Gets Jumper's Knee?

    Jumper's knee usually affects people who play sports where there is a lot of jumping and running, such as track and field, basketball, volleyball, gymnastics, running, and soccer

    How Is Jumper's Knee Diagnosed?

    To diagnose jumper's knee, health care providers:

    • ask about symptoms
    • do a physical exam
    • order imaging tests such as an X-ray or MRI, if needed

    How Is Jumper's Knee Treated?

    Treatment for jumper's knee includes:

    • rest and taking a break from sports
    • ice
    • taping or wearing a knee support or strap just under the patella
    • sitting with the leg raised
    • ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, or store brand) to help with pain and swelling
    • massage therapy
    • strengthening and stretching muscles through physical therapy or an at-home exercise program

    If someone with jumper's knee does not rest the knee, the tendon can become more damaged. Although it is not common, surgery may be needed if:

    • the pain does not go away
    • the patellar tendon is more damaged than is typical with jumper's knee

    Looking Ahead

    It usually takes a few weeks to months to recover from jumper's knee.

    To heal as quickly as possible, follow your health care provider's instructions about:

    • which activities to avoid
    • which activities are OK (for example, swimming may be fine while you heal)
    • strengthening exercises
    • making and keeping all follow-up doctor visits

    After recovery, always stretch before and after sports, and avoid overtraining. This can help prevent jumper's knee and other sports injuries too.

Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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