Institute for Brain Protection Sciences

Craniofacial Clinic

The shape of an infant’s head is a common concern of families. Parents who notice a flat spot may have anxiety about what it means for their child. They should discuss the issue with their pediatrician because early diagnosis preserves more treatment options.

Many times a child may only have positional plagiocephaly, or flat head. This will likely get better on its own and repositioning can help. If it does not resolve, helmet therapy may be an option for some families. Our specialists also have expertise with another, more rare condition known as craniosynostosis, which occurs when the plates in the skull fuse together abnormally and will require surgery to correct.

Our clinic, which is available at four Johns Hopkins All Children's Outpatient Care locations, brings together specialists from neurosurgery, plastic surgery, physical therapy and orthotics to develop a comprehensive plan for your child which may include surgical or non-surgical treatment options.  When surgery is required, your child’s team will include the most experienced craniosynostosis neurosurgeon in Florida for both open and minimally invasive procedures. 

During Your Child’s Appointment

A neurosurgeon will screen for conditions that may impact the shape of the head and discuss treatment options.

A physical therapist will check for torticollis and other neuromuscular disorders that can cause the skull to form incorrectly. They can arrange for therapy, if needed.

If your child is a good candidate for treating plagiocephaly with a helmet, an orthotist will provide an additional evaluation. You’ll have the opportunity to learn more about helmet therapy and, in many cases, your child can be fitted for a helmet that day.

What to Expect

For patients with craniosynostosis, our surgery team offers the latest in minimally invasive and open reconstructive techniques. Pediatric anesthesiologists that specialize in craniofacial surgery also will be on the team that cares for your child.

  • Minimally invasive surgery may be an option for infants 3-4 months of age. It has a smaller impact on children than traditional techniques. The incision is smaller, resulting in a shorter operating time, lower need for a blood transfusion and a shorter hospital stay. After surgery, a child may stay in the intensive care unit overnight and be able to go home the next day.
  • Our craniosynostosis neurosurgeon will partner with a craniofacial plastic surgeon for a team approach during large-scale reconstructions. These procedures usually require a longer recovery time.

Our Clinic Locations

Johns Hopkins All Children’s Outpatient Care, St. Petersburg (main campus)
Johns Hopkins All Children’s Outpatient Care, Fort Myers
Johns Hopkins All Children’s Outpatient Care, Tampa
Johns Hopkins All Children's Outpatient Care, Sarasota


We know you want what's best for your child. We're ready to assist you with your questions.

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