Hydrocephalus is a condition characterized by the excessive accumulation of cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) in the brain. The clear fluid surrounds the brain and spinal cord, performing life-sustaining functions, but for 1 in 1,000 babies born annually, excess CSF leads to a diagnosis of hydrocephalus, which can lead to a variety of conditions affecting a child’s growth and development. At the Johns Hopkins All Children’s Hospital Institute for Brain Protection Sciences, we begin by providing a comprehensive neurological evaluation, then our medical experts design a care plan tailored to meet the unique needs of your child.
The most common treatment for hydrocephalus is the surgical placement of a shunt to divert cerebral spinal fluid away from the brain so it can be absorbed in the circulatory process. The abdominal cavity or a chamber of the heart, called the atria, are the most common locations for the catheter to drain, although other locations in the body also can be used.
For those children who are candidates, endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) provides a minimally invasive surgical diversion of fluid without placement of a permanent shunt tube, which is another option to train the fluid. We are the only center in the state of Florida trained for shunt diversion and ETV with coagulation of the choroid plexus. We offer four types of shunt diversion.
While the care and management of hydrocephalus may initially be a bit overwhelming, children with shunts can live active, normal lives. Parents and families can take comfort knowing that our team of pediatric specialists will provide exceptional care and support throughout their child's treatment.
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Neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital
The Pediatric Neurosurgery Program at All Children's Hospital Johns Hopkins Medicine is one of the largest in the Southeast and provides comprehensive pediatric neurosurgery care for patients throughout Florida.