Johns Hopkins All Children's Sports Medicine

Bone & Muscle Injuries

Our Pediatric Sports Medicine team put together these videos to provide information for you.

Bone and muscle injuries can result from a direct blow or repeated stress over time. The sports medicine team at Johns Hopkins All Children’s Hospital is experienced in diagnosing and treating injuries to the bone and muscle such as:

Bone & Muscle Injuries
Clavicle Fractures
A direct blow to the shoulder may cause a clavicle fracture. These fractures are painful when the arm moves and the area may be swollen, bruised and tender.  Treatment depends on severity, though most will not need surgery.
Lower Extremity Fractures
After a fracture, a physical therapist helps patients learn to use assistive devices, such as crutches. Once healed, outpatient physical therapy helps athletes regain mobility and safely return to play.  
What is Myositis Ossificans?  
Myositis Ossificans occurs when calcium deposits build up in bruised muscle, often in the thigh or upper arm. It is a hard and painful area located at the site of a bruise.
Osteochondritis Dissecans
Osteochondritis dissecans is a condition affecting the joints of children and adolescents. The surface of a joint may crack and separate from the surrounding area. The most commonly affected joints are the knee, ankle and elbow. There can be pain and swelling of the joint, and symptoms are often brought on by physical activity.
 
Stress Fracture
Stress fractures are an overuse injury caused by an increase of physical stress that happens too quickly. They commonly occur in the lower part of the body and can resolve with rest. Setting incremental goals can help prevent stress fracture.

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