Aerodigestive Disorders

The Aerodigestive Disorders program develops multidisciplinary treatment plans that are customized to meet the needs of each child’s unique condition that affects the lungs and esophagus.

The aerodigestive disorders program at Johns Hopkins All Children’s Hospital cares for newborns to young adults with lung and esophagus disorders. Our team of specialists include pulmonology, gastroenterology, ear, nose and throat (ENT), nutrition, speech therapy, occupational therapy, physical therapy and radiology, all working together to develop a unique treatment plan for each patient. 

Aerodigestive disorders include chronic conditions of the upper airway tract, lower airway tract and gastrointestinal tract, and are often associated with airway, breathing and swallowing dysfunction.

Conditions treated include:

  • Airway stenosis 
  • Aspiration 
  • Chronic cough 
  • Congenital pulmonary malformation 
  • Dysphagia 
  • Esophageal atresia 
  • GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) 
  • Laryngomalacia 
  • Stridor 
  • Swallowing difficulty 
  • Tracheomalacia 
  • Tracheoesophageal fistula 
  • Vocal cord paralysis

Signs and symptoms of aerodigestive disorders:

  • Choking episodes 
  • Chronic cough 
  • Dysphagia (difficult or painful swallowing) 
  • Failure to thrive 
  • Frequent vomiting or food regurgitation 
  • High-pitched noisy breathing 
  • Recurrent croup 
  • Recurrent respiratory infections 
  • Reflux affecting the airway 
  • Resistant asthma