Pediatric Cardiology & Cardiovascular Surgery
The Johns Hopkins All Children’s Heart Institute is a leading pediatric cardiac surgery and cardiology program in the United States. Johns Hopkins All Children’s Hospital has been providing pediatric cardiology services for children with congenital heart disease since 1977. We continue to expand our treatment and research efforts so more children can receive the highest level of compassionate family-centered care by our dedicated team of experienced physicians and nurses. Johns Hopkins All Children’s Hospital includes a 22-bed cardiovascular intensive care unit, 2 cardiac operating rooms, 2 cardiac catheterization labs with the ability to perform hybrid procedures, and electrophysiology. We also offer many services to support your family's needs, whether it's a place to sleep, a support group or social services.
Clinical Areas of Focus
We have made sure that our Pediatric Heart Institute provides the highest-level of care by having the best staff, facility, technology and techniques, and programs to address the needs of the community:
Cardiovascular Surgery Program
Our pediatric cardiac surgery team has nationally recognized expertise in comprehensive cardiac surgical care, including:
- Complex neonatal cardiac surgery and repair of the most challenging congenital heart defects
- Use of minimally invasive and video-assisted pediatric heart surgery techniques
- Cardiac transplantation
The team at Johns Hopkins All Children’s Hospital performed its first heart transplant in 1995 and has since performed 137 pediatric heart transplants. Team members have extensive experience with the use of mechanical ventricular assist devices, including the Berlin Heart, to bridge critically ill children to transplant. The pediatric heart surgeons also lead the Johns Hopkins All Children’s Hospital ECMO (extra- corporeal membrane oxygenation) Center, which is designated as a Center of Excellence by the international Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO) in recognition of excellence in patient care.
Cardiovascular Intensive Care Unit (CVICU)
Pediatric heart surgery patients recover in our 22-bed Cardiovascular Intensive Care Unit with the support of a multidisciplinary team of cardiac surgeons, cardiologists, critical care specialists, respiratory therapists and other pediatric experts.
Cardiomyopathy is a condition in which there is an abnormality in the heart muscle. Although there are several different kinds of cardiomyopathy, the two most common types are Dilated Cardiomyopathy, in which the heart may function poorly, and Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, in which the heart muscle is abnormally thick. Our Cardiomyopathy & Heart Failure Program provides advanced diagnostic and therapeutic options for infants, children and adolescents diagnosed with cardiomyopathy.
Heart Failure / Heart Transplant Program
For some children and teens with heart disease, even the most aggressive treatment with medication or conventional cardiac surgery is not enough to restore health and maintain a good quality of life. These patients may be candidates for heart transplantation. Our neonatal and pediatric cardiac transplantation team performed its first transplant in 1995 and has been recognized as one of the most successful in the nation.
Pulmonary Hypertension Program
Pulmonary hypertension can affect both children with congenital heart defects and children without congenital heart disease. Ongoing research has led to improved understanding and management of pulmonary hypertension. At Johns Hopkins All Children’s Hospital, we provide both diagnostic and treatment options for this complex condition.
Children with irregular, racing, or abnormally slow heart rates may have a cardiac arrhythmia, a condition in which the heart's electrical conduction system is disrupted. Although most pediatric arrhythmias are not life threatening, some patients will need a pacemaker or implanted cardiac defibrillator. Our Johns Hopkins All Children’s Electrophysiology Program provides care to children who have cardiac arrhythmia.
Interventional Catheterization Program
Our pediatric cardiologists perform diagnostic cardiac catheterization procedures to observe the heart in action as well as interventional cardiac catheterization as a method for repairing the heart. Interventional catheterization now can accomplish many repairs that used to require surgical correction. Our Johns Hopkins All Children’s pediatric cardiologists perform diagnostic, interventional and hybrid catheterization procedures on a daily basis in our two state-of-the-art cardiac catheterization suites.
Fetal Heart Program
Our Fetal Heart Program consists of a multi-disciplinary team specializing in the detection, comprehensive assessment, and management of heart disease prior to birth. Our team includes physicians from pediatric cardiology, obstetrics, neonatology, genetics, cardiovascular intensive care unit (CVICU) and cardiothoracic surgery, as well as our clinical program coordinator. In addition, the team also includes fetal echocardiography sonographers, genetic counselors, case managers, chaplain services, and social workers to address the medical, psychological, and spiritual needs of patients and their families.
More Programs & Services
Cardiac anesthesiologists at Johns Hopkins All Children’s Hospital handle anesthesia and pain management for some of the most complex surgical cases. While surgeons focus their complete attention on the demanding task of repairing a defective heart, anesthesiologists carry out a series of behind-the-scene tasks that greatly affect both the safety and success of the surgery.
Cardiology Outpatient Services
Our Johns Hopkins All Children’s cardiologists provide an extensive range of evaluation services for patients with heart disease. In addition to treating simple and complex congenital heart defects, our cardiologists manage the medical care of pediatric heart transplant patients. The most common reasons children are referred to Johns Hopkins All Children’s Cardiology Outpatient Clinics are heart murmurs, palpitations, fainting and chest pain.
Adult Congenital Heart Service
More than 1 million adults in the United States live with congenital heart defects. Thanks to advances in medical and surgical care, children with congenital heart defects are surviving into adulthood — and thriving. However these chronic conditions can put patients at risk over time. Our Adult Congenital Heart Service provides both outpatient and inpatient care to monitor and protect their health.
Preventive Cardiology Clinic
Preventative Cardiology is a key part of adult cardiology, focusing on reducing the risk of heart attack and stroke later in life. Preventative cardiology is a growing area of pediatric cardiology and is an important service for children who may already have cholesterol and blood pressure problems. Our Johns Hopkins All Children’s Preventative Cardiology Clinic provides expertise in identifying at risk children and offers options for dietary, activity and medical management.
Non-Invasive Cardiac Imaging
Our Department of Non-Invasive Cardiac Imaging specializes in both pediatric echocardiography (2-dimensional and 3-dimensional) as well as fetal echocardiography. We also offer Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Cardiac Computed Tomography (CT). For some patients, cardiac MRI can be used to diagnose a heart problem without the need for a cardiac catheterization procedure. Cardiac MRI is available at Johns Hopkins All Children’s Outpatient Care, Tampa (on Bruce B. Downs Blvd.) in addition to our main campus.
The Cardiovascular Genetics Clinic at Johns Hopkins All Children’s Hospital provides clinical care, information and resources for individuals and families with cardiovascular and genetic conditions. Services include genetic evaluation, syndrome diagnosis, management of malformation syndromes, genetic testing and genetic counseling.
The Pediatric Cardiology staff at Johns Hopkins All Children’s Hospital believes every child is entitled to family-centered care delivered by a collaborative team of experts. Our team includes registered nurses, cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, anesthesiologists, respiratory therapists, social workers, clinical dietitians and others, who develop individual care plans to meet patients' medical and emotional needs, as well as their family's needs for information, support and assistance.
To help families prepare for coming to Johns Hopkins All Children’s Hospital, we created our For Patients and Families section that contains information about the hospital, the services available for your family, and how to help your child prepare for their visit to the hospital. We know that family is the most important source of emotional support and comfort for children. Therefore, we acknowledge family members as a vital component of each child's health care team. Families are always welcome on the patient care unit and are encouraged to comfort and soothe their children. When away from the units, family members may call any time to speak with their child's nurse.
The 22-bed Pediatric Cardiovascular Intensive Care Unit (CVICU) at Johns Hopkins All Children’s Hospital provides an ideal healing environment, where parents are able to stay overnight in the patient’s room and are essential members of their child’s healthcare team. It adjoins a dedicated cardiac surgery wing that contains operating suites, hybrid cardiac catheterization labs, an interventional radiology suite, and a perioperative cardiac unit. The CVICU embraces a unique collaborative approach with a strong focus on education and ongoing skill development.
Outpatient Services: Outpatient pediatric cardiology services are available on the Johns Hopkins All Children’s main campus and at regional outpatient locations in:
Orlando: Florida Hospital Orlando is now a partner location for certain procedures through the Johns Hopkins All Children’s Heart Surgery Program.
Baltimore: Children’s Hospital in Baltimore offers certain procedures through the Johns Hopkins All Children’s Heart Surgery Program
Researching your child’s condition, treatment options, and outcomes of a hospital’s program and physician expertise is an important part of your child’s care. Johns Hopkins All Children’s Hospital reports the outcomes for parents, health care professionals, and referring physicians to review. Click here to review our outcomes data.